第3回国連防災世界会議における閣僚級ラウンドテーブル（Reconstructing after Disaster: Build Back Better）において、JCC2015共同代表の大橋正明が発言しました。
Honorable Chairperson and ministers, thank you very much for allowing me to speak here. My name is OHASHI, the chairperson of the largest NGO network in Japan, namely Japan NGO Center for International Cooperation (JANIC).
I really like to congratulate this 3rd UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) on behalf of Japanese CSOs, because this conference is going to adopt the post-2015 framework for DRR. Inclusion of nuclear disasters as man-made hazards as its targets is the most significant progress in the era of global economy and global environmental crisis. I also highly appreciate the Build Back Better approach with a pre-disaster plan, as mentioned the Issue Brief of this Ministerial Roundtable on Reconstructing after Disasters.
I, however, feel that this approach is very appropriate to natural disasters, but not so much to nuclear disasters along with other increasing industrial disasters. In general, there is a strong safety myth with a nuclear power station and other industrial disasters, as was so in Fukushima of Japan. We applaud Japanese Government representative’s remark yesterday on indication to clearly break away from the safety myth around nuclear power stations. Fukushima’s situation has proved that this mind-set of safety myth is the biggest obstacle to realize DRR as well as application of the Build Back Better approach in industrial disasters.
The Fukushima nuclear disaster, which begun on March 11, 2011, is still on-going, as 120,000 people are evacuating, a vast areas are not habitable for coming decades and leaking nuclear polluted water in the Ocean.
We still remember utter panic and desperation of local residents in Fukushima as well as people in Japan caused by repeated explosions of nuclear reactors and massive leaking of nuclear radiation widely polluting our neighboring lands, rivers, sea, air and even food in 2011. It is very clear for us that if the people’s experience of, and lessons from, the Chernobyl nuclear disaster were properly shared with us beforehand, magnitudes of our scarcity and dismay could be much lessor. But unfortunately, this was never done by any organizations.
Now we, therefore, urge that our bitter and terrible on-going experience of the Fukushima nuclear disaster should be properly documented and globally shared with those peoples who are residents around a nuclear power station to prevent as well as to reduce nuclear hazards.
Energy policy, industrial policy and export of those plants are key policies to a government and her industrial circles, because these are directly related to her economy. This fact may often lead to the safety myth and difficult obstacles for risk reduction of industrial disasters and for the application of the Build Back Approach from the pre-disaster stage.
Now Asia is the global production center which requires a lot of energy. So Asia faces more possibility of industrial disasters. I sincerely hope, UNISDR and/or any appropriate UN organizations with concerned governments will seriously look into as to how the Build Back Better approach apply to industrial disasters including nuclear disasters. Thank you.
約４０の国の代表・国連機関・ＮＧＯ（JCC2015）によるセッションとなった。まず、太田国交省大臣からの挨拶から始まり、最悪の事態も想定し、ハード・ソフト両方の防災予防的な投資を進めることが述べられた。議論の中では、Build Back Betterのコンセプトを用いて、様々な角度から各出席者の経験や意見を共有した。例えば保険、平時からの対応計画、コミュニティの巻き込み、紛争予防、開発・環境・防災の一体化、財政資源の確保などが具体的に提示された。ＪＣＣ２０１５は「有名なＮＧＯの」と議長から紹介され、12時に大橋正明（JCC2015共同代表）の発言が許された。「安全神話からの決別という日本政府の昨日のコメントを賞賛したい。ただ、経済優先の考え方からまだまだ安全神話がつきまとい、産業災害を悪化させている。産業災害に関するリスク特定・開示、またそれをベースとしたBuild Back Betterは国連機関が主導し、加盟国も一緒にみんなで取り組んでいくべき課題である」というメッセージを伝えた。